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Musicians are known to have greater connectivity in the corpus callosum, parietal, temporal and frontal lobes of the brain. Autism may be a disorder of underconnectivity. The Theory of Underconnectivity suggests that early rapid brain growth leads to fewer long distance connections and more local connections. Anatomical brain studies have demonstrated the corpus callosum to be less dense suggesting that there are fewer long distance connections in & between parietal, temporal & frontal lobe areas. This anatomic finding can be translated into difficulties with sequential thinking and putting the pieces together in the right order. As suggested above, music making may improve or rehabilitate structural brain abnormalities and reduce epilepsy. Music making has been used in the remediation of language and reading disorders.
excerpt from Music for the Brain:|| Music for the Soul:||. Read the rest at Spruce Kids

The high-level musicians who had studied the longest performed the best on the cognitive tests, followed by the low-level musicians and non-musicians, revealing a trend relating to years of musical practice. The high-level musicians had statistically significant higher scores than the non-musicians on cognitive tests relating to visuospatial memory, naming objects and cognitive flexibility, or the brain's ability to adapt to new information.
excerpt from Childhood Music Lesson May Provide Lifelong Boost. read the rest at